photos of sakurajima, the most active volcano in japan, by (click pic) takehito miyatake (previously featured) and martin rietze. volcanic storms can rival the intensity of massive supercell thunderstorms, but the source of the charge responsible for this phenomenon remains hotly debated.

in the kind of storm clouds that generate conventional lightning, ice particles and soft hail collide, building up positive and negative charges, respectively. they separate into layers, and the charge builds up until the electric field is high enough to trigger lightning.

but the specific mechanism by which particles of differing charges are separated in the ash cloud is still unknown. lightning has been observed between the eruption plume and the volcano right at the start of an eruption, suggesting that there are processes that occur inside the volcano to lead to charge separation.  

volcanic lightning could yield clues about the earth’s geological past, and could answer questions about the beginning of life on our planet. volcanic lightning could have been the essential spark that converted water, hydrogen, ammonia, and methane molecules present on a primeval earth into amino acids, the building blocks of life.

(see also: previous volcanology posts)

Anonymous asked:

Not to be creepy but do you know where firewheel mall is because I live in the garland area (and I know the anon face is creepy I just don't have the balls to come off)

I do it’s by my parents house that mall and area sucks ass

Anonymous asked:

When the last time u had fun

I can have “Fun” but can never really enjoy the event cause 85% of my minded thinking about my ex Cheryl and soo I get more upset then having fun or a good time

Anonymous asked:

What life accident were you in?

I went to go help out a co worker and pick them up from a party full of trouble, when I got there I was confronted by a Mexican guy who I then whooped his ass then as I was walking to the car ,him and 12 others with chains n random objects then beat me within an inch of my life 13 on 1 was not that great